German chess player and composer. In 1858–1864, he was an editor of the Deutsche Schachzeitung (German Chess Newsletter). He was a founder of Westdeutscher Schachbund (West German Chess Federation, WDSB), and an organizer of the 9th DSB–Congress (Kongress des Deutschen Schachbundes) at Leipzig 1894. He was second President of the German Chess Federation..
Max Lange vs Wilfried Paulsen [Dusseldorf 1863 ]
The variation of the Two Knights Defense 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O–O Bc5 6.e5 is called the Max Lange Attack. The Vienna Game variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 is known as the Max Lange Defense.
The Max Lange Attack is a chess opening that can arise from many different opening lines, including the Two Knights Defense, Petroff’s Defense, Scotch Gambit, Bishop’s Opening, Center Game, and Giuoco Piano. Two of the most commonly seen move ordersare 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 (the Two Knights Defense) 4.d4 exd4 5.0-0 Bc5 6.e5 and 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 (the Scotch Gambit) Bc5 5.0-0 Nf6 6.e5.
After 6.e5, Black has two main replies. Black’s 6…Ng4 is playable, but rarely seen. More common is 6…d5, when the main line continues 7.exf6 dxc4 8.Re1+ Be6 9.Ng5 Qd5 (9…Qxf6?? 10.Nxe6 fxe6 11.Qh5+ followed by 12.Qxc5 is a notorious trap) 10.Nc3 Qf5 11.Nce4 0-0-0 with complex play.
EXAMPLES of the MAX LANGE ATTACK……….
Two knights Max Lange attack, Berger Variation
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. d4 exd4 5. O-O Bc5 6. e5 d5 7. exf6 dxc4 8. Re1+ Be6 9. Ng5 Qd5 10. Nc3 Qf5 11. g4 Qg6 12. Nce4 Bb6 13. f4 O-O-O
Two knights Max Lange attack, Marshall Variation 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. d4 exd4 5. O-O Bc5 6. e5 d5 7. exf6 dxc4 8. Re1+ Be6 9. Ng5 Qd5 10. Nc3 Qf5 11. Nce4
Two knights Max Lange attack, Krause Variation
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. d4 exd4 5. O-O Bc5 6. e5 Ng4 7. c3
* H. Vatter-John Nunn, 1986
Efim Petrovich Geller
March 8, 1925 – November 17, 1998 was a Soviet chess player and world-class grandmaster . He won the Soviet Championship twice (in 1955 and 1979) and was a Candidate for the World Championship on six occasions (1953, 1956, 1962, 1965, 1968, and 1971). He won four Ukrainian Championship titles (in 1950, 1957, 1958, and 1959) and shared first in the 1991 World Seniors’ Championship, winning the title outright in 1992.
“USSR Championship” Moscow (RUS) 1952.
Efim Geller – Paul Keres
Geller is best remembered today for the tactical ability and original attacking style which characterised the earlier part of his career. In later years he became a more rounded player. He was noted as an openings expert, and was one of the pioneers in developing the King’s Indian Defence to prominence, along with fellow Ukrainians Isaac Boleslavsky and David Bronstein. Geller also greatly advanced the knowledge in several variations of the Sicilian Defence, such as the quiet line with 6.Be2 against the Najdorf Variation 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6, which he used to defeat Bobby Fischer. He introduced the Geller Gambit (1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 dxc4 5.e4) .
Instructive Geller Gambit Video .. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zfusEFG22BY
Magnus Carlsen had the only win in this round; his second in a row and is now tied for the lead. He played the White side of what at first looked like it was going to be a Winawer Variation of the French Defense. However (See Diagram) he exchanged Pawns – for the Exchange Variation of the French. A switch from what is generally considered the sharpest and most volatile line in the French for one that is generally considered dull/drawish. Admittedly when chess was played many/many years ago, Morphy invariably played the Exchange Variation – and regularly won with it. That was then; this is now. It became obvious in Carlsen’s game that he was definitely not interested in a draw. This was a strongly played game and will deserve/repay study.
For All Games From This Round – See Comments.
by National Life Master Loal Davis
.The King’s Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: 1. e4 e5 2. f4 White offers a pawn to divert the Black e-pawn so as to build a strong centre with d2–d4. Theory has shown that in order for Black to maintain the gambit pawn, he may well be forced to weaken his kingside. The King’s Gambit is one of the oldest documented openings. It was examined by the 17th century Italian chess player Giulio Polerio and before that by Luis Ramirez de Lucena. The gambit has always had an ardent following, but few World Champions have ventured into its depths. Nevertheless it was played by the first official World Champion Wilhelm Steinitz. After that I think you have to look to the games of Boris Spassky and Bobby Fischer, though neither ventured it during a World Championship match. “The Golden Treasury Of Chess” contains the following game with the inference that it may well be the greatest game that Steinitz ever played. It is certainly a game worth study and is one of my favorites. Steinitz versus Simonson New York, 1883 1. e4 e5 2. f4 exf4 3. Nf3 g5 4. h4 It has taken awhile, but the consensus is that White, instead of ‘shuffling a piece in the name of development’, should strike at the ‘base’ of the Kingside Pawn structure to liquidate/remove/weaken/attack/whatever to really gain freedom and central control. g4 5. Ne5 h5 Greed. Both 5… d6 and 5… Nf6 attack and develop while fighting for control of the center. 6. Bc4 Nh6 7. d4 d6 8. Nd3 f3 A ‘clever’ plan to ‘mess up’ White’s position on the Kingside while winning the Pawn on ‘h4′. Unfortunately the more important center goes to White. 9. gxf3 Be7 10. Be3 Since the King is going to flee, Steinitz provides a little niche while harmoniously developing all of his pieces around it. Bxh4+ 11. Kd2 gxf3 12. Qxf3 Bg4 13. Qf4 Nc6 14. Nc3 Ne7 Black has concocted a ‘clever’ way of defending that Bishop on ‘h4′ while sliding the Knight into ‘g6′ to drive White back – or so he thinks. 15. Raf1 Rh7
White To Move16. Rxh4 Steinitz ignores the ‘threat’ and in the process takes a full three minor pieces (nine points) for his Queen. Ng6 17. Rxg4 Nxf4 18. Rgxf4 c6 What to do? If White’s Knight gets into ‘d5′ then it hops into the ‘soft’ ‘f6′ square. 19. Rf6 Deflection. Black’s problem is that his forces are split and ineffective while White’s forces are working in perfect harmony. Ng4 20. Bxf7+ Kd7 21. Be6+ Kc7 22. Rf7+ Rxf7 23. Rxf7+ Kb6 24. Bxg4 hxg4 25. d5+ c5 26. e5 Once again striking at the ‘base’ of the Pawn chain. Ka6 Black is ‘prepared’ to let the ‘d’ Pawn go and build a ‘shelter’ with ‘b6′. Steinitz has another surprise for him.
White To Move27. Bxc5 This looks like another ‘sacrifice’; this time a Bishop for three Pawns. Although a full equivalent, Steinitz has yet another surprise. dxc5 28. Nxc5+ Kb6 29. Rxb7+ He lets the Knight go. What does he have in mind? Kxc5 30. Kd3 Ouch ! ! Centralization. The control over the ‘c4′ and ‘d4′ squares means that White is threatening mate in two ways. One is ‘Rb5#; the other is ‘b4#’. Notice that Black has no useful checks to distract from this diabolical plan. Qa5 What else? 31. b4+ Qxb4 32. Ne4+ Black must now give up his Queen for the Knight. The resultant King and Pawn ending is a simple win. Bravo. 1-0 For the PGN file – See Comments
The new Chess Game Editor is working…
This editor will allow you to Analyze games by setting up positions, or imputing PGN…